Just four percent of U.S. counties work with nonprofit organizations that provide legal aid services to immigrants, making it difficult to navigate the “bureaucratic labyrinth” involved in applying for green cards and social assistance, according to a Stanford University study. Meanwhile, noncitizens seeking legal help fall victim to scam artists who take advantage of their unfamiliarity with the complex immigration system.
Regulating marijuana the same way as other crops encourages stricter compliance with laws governing wetland conversion, air and water pollution and land use, according to a University of Buffalo study.
The country’s leading community corrections executives endorsed an August, 2017 Harvard study calling for a transformation of America’s probation and parole system. According to the study, the current system further impoverishes the poorest Americans and does little to improve public safety.
An evaluation of the Chicago Violence Reduction Strategy by the Urban Institute found that gun violence among targeted street groups was reduced by using community leaders and law enforcement in a strategy that combined moral persuasion and the promise of counseling and social services with the threat of criminal sanctions.
The ability to predict crimes before they happen has long been a topic of fascination for science fiction writers and filmmakers. But in real life, the data feeding predictive algorithms is riddled with problems, according to a researcher at the UC Davis School of Law.
A new study argues that innovative crime-reduction policies can lead to an increase in organized crime activities. Even though the impact may be temporary, according to author Iain W. Long of Cardiff University, his findings suggests a shrewd crime boss can undermine those strategies.
A three-year study of participants in a Florida mental health court—the longest of its kind—found “significantly” lower re-arrest rates among individuals who completed the program of community-based treatment and counseling.
Columbia University researchers say that fatally injured drivers who tested positive for prescription opioids rose sevenfold from 1995 to 2015. The principal investigator called it “cause for great concern.”
An 18th-century theory used by sports bettors, gamblers and even weather forecasters could help criminologists and policymakers uncover crimes that are unrecorded in official statistics, claims a British researcher.
“Weak patenting standards and ineffectual policing” have helped turn the pharmaceutical industry into a key driver of the opioid epidemic, according to a study published in the Harvard Law & Policy Review.