Does the race or ethnicity of police officers make a difference in how police behave on the streets of the neighborhoods they patrol—and how they see their jobs? A study released Friday suggests it does, and the authors—both from the University of Central Florida—say it supports arguments that law enforcement diversity is crucial to restoring trust and legitimacy in America’s police forces.
The annual number of people prosecuted in federal court for commercial sexual exploitation of children rose from 1,405 to 2,776 between 2004 and 2013, says a U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics report compiled by the Urban Institute.
At least 36 states have passed legislation to keep young people out of adult prisons or jails since 2005—and more states are on track to limit youth exposure to the adult justice system over the next two years, according to a study released October 11 by the Campaign for Youth Justice.
States which exercised the option under Obamacare to expand Medicaid eligibility experienced a 3% decrease in the annual rate of reported crimes compared to non-expansive states, according to a University of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign paper. The decline saved taxpayers an estimated $400 million annually.
A federal program aimed at strengthening law enforcement efforts to combat drug traffickers had little impact on deterrence, and disproportionally affected African Americans, according to a University of California study.
A report on a model supported by the Justice Department in 48 sites concludes that it benefits communities “not only through cost savings, higher clearance rates, and crime prevention, but also through the promotion of collaboration, a sense of community, and economic development.”
A New York City experiment that used partially secured and unsecured bonds suggests that these are viable alternatives to a system that puts thousands of individuals behind bars awaiting trial because they can’t afford to make bail, according to a September 15 report by the Vera Institute of Justice.
China is the world’s largest supplier of counterfeit pharmaceuticals and ingredients, and the source of 79% of all counterfeit drugs seized in the U.S. But enforcement-based solutions are complicated by the lack of cooperation from Beijing, according to a forthcoming paper in the Columbia Science and Technology Law Review.