An estimated 10,400 American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) inmates were held in local jails in mid-year 2014, nearly double the number held in 1999 (5,500), the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics reports. In that interval, the number of AIAN jail inmates increased by an average of 4.3 percent per year, compared with an increase of 1.4 percent annually for all other races combined.
Between 1999 and 2013, the AIAN jail incarceration rate increased from 288 to 398 AIAN inmates per 100,000 AIAN U.S. residents, BJS said. An estimated 71 percent of adult AIAN jail inmates were 39 or younger. Nearly a quarter of AIAN jail inmates were held for a violent offense. About 12 percent of the adult AIAN jail population were drug offenders, which was significantly lower than adult jail inmates of other races and Hispanic origin (24 percent).