About 17,150 state and federal prisoners were known to have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) at the end of 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics reports. That was the lowest number since 1991, the first year BJS began collecting HIV data on prisoners In 1991, 17,680 prisoners were known to have HIV. The number of prisoners who had HIV peaked at an estimated 25,980 prisoners in 1998.
In 2015, the rate of HIV among state and federal prisoners was the lowest observed rate during BJS’s 25-year history of collecting HIV data on prisoners. The rate was 1,297 HIV prisoners per 100,000 prisoners in 2015, which was down from 2,231 HIV prisoners per 100,000 in 1991. The number of AIDS-related deaths among state prisoners decreased from 73 deaths in 2010 to a preliminary count of 45 deaths in 2015, reports BJS’s Deaths in Custody Reporting Program. The annual number of AIDS-related deaths among federal prisoners has been less than 10 each year between 2010 and 2015.