Gun violence in Chicago has surged since late 2015, and much of the news media attention on how the city plans to address this problem has focused on the Strategic Subject List (SSL), write Jeff Asher and Rob Arthur in the New York Times. The list is made by an algorithm that tries to predict who is most likely to be involved in a shooting, either as perpetrator or victim. The algorithm is not public, but the city has now placed a version of the list, without names, online through its open data portal, making it possible for the first time to see how Chicago evaluates risk.
Asher and Arthur analyzed that information and found that the assigned risk scores — and what characteristics go into them — are sometimes at odds with the Chicago Police Department’s public statements and cut against some common perceptions. Violence in the city is less concentrated among a group of about 1,400 people with the highest risk scores than some public comments from the Chicago police have suggested. Gangs are often blamed for the devastating increase in gun violence in Chicago, but gang membership had a small predictive effect and is being dropped from the most recent version of the algorithm. Being a victim of a shooting or an assault is far more predictive of future gun violence than being arrested on charges of domestic violence or weapons possession. The algorithm has been used in Chicago for several years, and its effectiveness is far from clear, say Asher and Arthur. Chicago accounted for a large share of the increase in in urban murders last year.