Diversion programs that gained popularity in the 1970s are now experiencing a resurgence, as many states respond to tough-on-crime policies by reducing nonviolent felonies to misdemeanors. Run by courts, prosecutors and sometimes law enforcement, the programs channel offenders into services meant to address the root causes of their conduct, such as substance abuse or mental illness, allowing them to avoid conviction. Intervening before a case goes to court improves job prospects by keeping incidents from showing up on . . .
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