President Trump’s revised executive order on immigration and refugees faces a potentially dramatic array of legal tests today, the day before it is scheduled to go into effect, the Wall Street Journal reports. Federal judges in Hawaii and Maryland will hold hearings on whether to prohibit immediate implementation of the revised order, which temporarily bars new visas for travelers from six Muslim-majority countries: Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. The revised order temporarily suspends the admission of refugees. The administration says these measures are needed to protect the U.S. from terrorist threats. Critics, including Democratic-led states and civil-liberties groups, say the travel restrictions are an illegitimate attempt by the president to fulfill a campaign promise to ban Muslims from the U.S.
In addition to the two scheduled hearings, a judge in Seattle who played a big role in derailing the first White House travel ban is deciding how to proceed in round two of the case there, which centers on litigation brought by the state of Washington. Democratic attorneys general from five other states have joined that challenge. The states are asking Judge James Robart to apply his preliminary injunction against the first executive order to the revised policy as well. It isn’t clear if the judge will call a court hearing, issue a ruling without one, or do nothing for now. If no judge blocks the revised executive order, it will take effect at 12:01 a.m. on Thursday.