Over 3,000 miles and more than 40 years in age separate Bilal Qayyum and Noel Williams; yet each advocates a similar [approach] to countering violence among youth and young adults living in low-income communities.
Qayyum, 69, lives in Philadelphia. Williams, 25, lives in London. [In both cities, authorities have grappled with gang violence, shootings and conflicts with law enforcement.]
But the two men, interviewed separately for a project examining violence-intervention efforts, say authorities are avoiding the roots . . .
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