Illinois has become one of the first states to establish wide-ranging rules for police body cameras, bias-free policing and more data collection on arrests under a measure signed by Gov. Bruce Rauner. the Associated Press reports that the plan beefs up reporting guidelines for officers making pedestrian stops and arrests, largely prohibits chokeholds and adds guidelines for training to help officers become aware of bias. The law doesn’t mandate body cameras, but specifies how they should be worn, when they have to be turned on and how long recorded videos should be kept. Illinois would help departments pay for the cameras and training for officers with grants funded by a $5 increase in traffic tickets.
Dozens of U.S. states have passed police reform measures after fatal police encounters last year, including the shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson and the case of Eric Garner, who died after being placed in an officer’s chokehold in New York City. Only three states — Illinois, Colorado and Connecticut — have approved comprehensive plans, according to an AP analysis. Supporters said the Illinois law could be a model for other states as police practices come under heightened scrutiny. The Illinois measure had strong bipartisan support as well as backing from police unions, the American Civil Liberties Union and the NAACP. Members of those groups attended a closed-to-reporters bill signing at Rauner’s state Capitol office. The legislation takes recommendations offered by President Obama’s policing task force.