The proportion of arrestees in five counties who tested positive for any of 10 illegal drugs last year ranged from 63 percent in Atlanta to 83 percent in Chicago and Sacramento, says the White House Office Of Natonal Drug Control Policy in the annual Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring II report (ADAM II). Arrestees testing positive for multiple drugs in their system ranged from 12 percent in Atlanta to 50 percent in Sacramento. There was an increase from 2000 to 2013 in the proportion of arrestees testing positive for opiates (e.g., heroin, morphine, synthetic opiates) in their systems at the time of arrest. The proportion of ADAM II arrestees testing positive for opiates in Sacramento and Denver has significantly increased since 2000, doubling from 4 to 8 percent in Denver and increasing from 3 to 18 percent in Sacramento.
ADAM II is patterned after an earlier ADAM project that collected drug-use data in 35 counties and was sponsored by the National Institute of Justice from 2000 to 2003. Since 2007, the Office of National Drug Control Policy has sponsored the ADAM II data collection program in nine U.S. counties and the District of Columbia. Budget limitations in 2012 and 2013 forced a mandated a cutback to five counties for those two years. Current budget restrictions will make 2013 the final ADAM II data collection. Last year’s data were collected in Atlanta, Ga. (Fulton County); Chicago, Il. (Cook County); Denver, CO (Denver County); New York, N.Y. (Manhattan); and Sacramento, Ca. (Sacramento County).