Rampant violence can do more than shake a community's sense of peace, according to a new study, it can hamper even basic expectations of student achievement.
The study of municipal Mexican homicide rates and elementary school data, which appears in the April issue of Sociology of Education, finds that an increase in murders often correlates with student failure rates.
Researchers analyzed data on all elementary schools in Mexico from 1990 to 2010, merged with the annual homicide rate for the city where each school is located.
“Our findings suggest that violent crime in children's environments compromises early educational achievement and may have long-lasting consequences on human capital formation and economic well-being,” researchers wrote.
They noted that exposure to violence is more common in poor and urban communities and suggest that cities invest in school-based programs that might help children cope.
The study is available for purchase HERE.