Treatment programs significantly reduce recidivism among urban parolees, while showing little effect for rural parolees, according to a recent study.
Researchers from Iowa State University found a 40 percent reduction in the recidivism rate of urban parolees who are involved in treatment for substance abuse, alcoholism and other disorders. The study notes that recidivism even declined significantly in the long-term (more than two years) for urban parolees who complete treatment.
However, the effects of treatment for rural parolees were practically insignificant. The study found that the distance rural parolees have to travel for services may complicate their treatment and increase the likelihood of relapse.
During the second phase of their study, researchers will interview probation officers and community corrections officials to get insights into why treatment programs are ineffective for rural parolees.
See their findings HERE.