A recent study argues that when background characteristics such as psychosocial maturity and emotional reactivity are stringently controlled for, the transfer of juveniles to adult court does not have a significant impact on recidivism.
Findings from the ‘Pathways to Desistance’ study were published in the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's December Bulletin.
Researchers studied the effects of transfer from juvenile court to adult court on adolescent offenders in Maricopa County, AZ. They found that transferred adolescents charged with crimes such as felony assault and robbery had lower rates of re-arrest, while transferred adolescents charged with property crimes had greater rates of re-arrest.
However, “adolescents in the adult system may be at risk for disruptions in their personal development, identity formation, relationships, learning, growth in skills and competencies, and positive movement into adult status,” the study notes.
Read the study HERE.