Even though only 16 states have met the U.S. Justice Department's requirements for substantial compliance with the federal Adam Walsh law, most of the rest are active in monitoring sex offenders, reports Stateline. All but six states are part of the SORNA Exchange Portal, a tool developed by the Department of Justice to help states share information about offenders who move from one state to another.
The receiving state can access information about an offender, and alert the offender's home state if he or she does or doesn't arrive. Five states — Arizona, Arkansas, California, Nebraska, and Texas — are simply saying “no” to the Adam Walsh Act, at least for now. They have neither complied with the law's requirements nor applied to use their justice assistance grants to come into compliance. They have elected to forfeit 10 percent of their justice assistance funding for the coming year. The reasons for noncompliance vary. In Nebraska, legislators were philosophically opposed to the law's lifetime registry requirement for juveniles. Another reason is the price. While noncompliance does come with a penalty, it's often dwarfed by the cost of adding more people to the public registry or staffing local law enforcement offices for the multiple check-ins per year that offenders must complete.