Arizona’s “show me your papers” provision officially became law yesterday when a federal judge lifted an injunction against the section of the state’s immigration law that requires police officers to check the legal status of people under certain conditions during investigations or traffic stops, reports the Arizona Republic. How the law will be enforced is still unclear. Law-enforcement agencies say they have trained their officers not to violate people’s constitutional rights. Civil-rights and advocacy groups warn that racial profiling is likely to occur.
Judge Susan Bolton had imposed an injunction on key parts of the law in July 2010. The injunction was upheld by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit. In June, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld all but one part of the injunction, Section 2B, which requires officers to make an attempt to determine the immigration status of a person stopped, detained or arrested if there is reasonable suspicion that the person is in the country illegally. Bolton also ordered that three other sections of the law, known as SB 1070, be permanently enjoined. Those sections required immigrants to carry immigration papers, required police to determine whether a person had committed an offense that could lead to deportation, and barred illegal immigrants from work.