By Ted Gest
The U.S. era of community policing is being transformed into an age of “homeland security policing,” says criminologist MoonSun Kim of the State University of New York Brockport. Speaking at the American Society of Criminology, which is holding its annual convention in Washington, D.C., Kim said he based his conclusion on an analysis of data collected by the U.S. Justice Department from law enforcement agencies around the nation in 1999, 2003, and 2007.
Kim looked at various factors, including the kind of training police officers were undergoing before and after the September 11, 2001, terrorism attacks. Considering funding limitations to law enforcement these days, the “economies of scale” cannot support both traditional community policing and new forms of homeland security policing with equal force, Kim said. Perhaps reflecting Kim’s analysis, a larger proportion of the 800-plus sessions at the criminology meeting seem to be focused on terrorism issues than in the past.