About 7 million adults–3% of the U.S. population–were incarcerated, on probation or on parole at the end of 2005, the Justice Department said Thursday. Of that total, 2.2 million individuals were in federal and state prisons or local jails, 4.1 million were on probation and more than 784,000 were on parole.
California, the most populous state, held the largest number of inmates (170,676), reports the Los Angeles Times. Only the federal system housed more, according to the annual survey by the department’s Bureau of Justice Statistics. The total number of inmates rose 35% from 1995 to 2005, but their racial composition was little changed. In 2005, blacks made up 40% of inmates, whites 35% and Latinos 20% – small changes from a decade earlier.