Since initiating prison realignment in October 2011, California has reduced its state prison population by nearly 30,000 people and now ranks below the national average in the proportion of adults it imprisons and places on parole, according to a new Stanford University study.
Researchers analyzed California corrections data measure compliance with Assembly Bill 109, which called for the state to shift responsibility for parole violators and other low-level offenders to counties.
“California has decarcerated under Realignment,” researchers wrote.
The state prison population dropped by 29,886 people between 2010 and 2012. The jail population increased by 8,229 people during the same period.
The number of prisoners and jail inmates per capita decreased by 11.6 percent, from 833 per 100,000 adults to 736, according to the study
“What is unmistakably clear is that one of the Legislature's core objectives in passing AB 109 has been met: control of most lower-level felons has been shifted from the state to the counties,” researchers wrote.
Probation departments in California are now responsible about 60 percent of offenders, an increase of more than 100,000 people from 2010.
“In contrast, state parole now supervises just 10% of the total correctional population, a 50% decrease of 66,493 parolees from 2010,” according to the study.
Read the full study HERE.