FL Juvenile Justice Reform Urged, With Civil Citations, Not Detention


The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice is proposing a major overhaul of its mission, emphasizing prevention while keeping the most dangerous offenders from committing more crimes, reports the News Service of Florida. Department Secretary Wansley Walters told the House Criminal Justice Subcommittee that by revamping the laws governing her agency, dwindling dollars could be applied more strategically. “We have hurt the future of many children by moving them deeper in the system than they needed to be,” Walters said. “On the other hand, we have had other children who have wreaked havoc in our communities and moved on into the adult system that we haven’t done a good job on.”

The proposal includes using risk-assessment tools and alternatives to detention to keep low- to moderate-risk offenders out of the deep end of the juvenile justice system, where the likelihood of recidivism is highest. A key element is the use of civil citations, a way of sanctioning juveniles for non-violent first offenses rather than detaining them. Law enforcement has opposed civil citations, preferring to keep its discretion in charging juveniles. Still, the civil-citation practice has spread from 17 to 51 counties. Walters told the panel the success rate for juveniles who get civil citations was 94 percent, meaning that they complete their legal obligations and don’t commit additional offenses within a year. Polk County Sheriff Grady Judd, president of the Florida Sheriffs Association, said civil citations should be an option but not mandatory.

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