Like his predecessor Rudy Giuliani, Bloomberg has resisted calls for independent oversight of the police department. The NYPD “is the most regulated department in the entire city,” Bloomberg said. The police department has come under fire in the past year for increased use of its stop and frisk program, which whistleblower cops and police union officials say is driven by an illegal quota system. NYPD surveillance of Muslim communities in and outside of New York has also been condemned by critics, who say it constitutes racial profiling. NYPD spokesman Paul Browne noted that the department was already overseen by two U.S. attorneys, five district attorneys, a Civilian Complaint Review Board, and the NYPD’s 750-member Internal Affairs division.