At the end of last year, 20,449 state prisoners and 1,538 federal prisoners were HIV positive or had confirmed AIDS, says a new U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics report. An estimated 5,733 inmates in state and federal prisons had confirmed AIDS, down from 5,762 in 2007. In 2007, about 41 per 10,000 inmates were estimated to have confirmed AIDS, compared to 17 per 10,000 persons in the general population.
Florida (3,626), New York (3,500) and Texas (2,450) reported the largest number of HIV/AIDS cases. While these three states account for 24 percent of the total state custody population, together they account for 46 percent of HIV/AIDS cases in state prison. New York continues to report large decreases (down 450) in the number of HIV/AIDS cases. Notable increases between 2007 and 2008 were in California (up 246) and Florida (up 166). Between 1995 and 2006 the number of state inmates who died from AIDS-related causes decreased 85 percent, from 1,010 to 155. An earlier version of this post incorrectly included Missouri as a state with notable increases in AIDS cases, based on incorrect reporting of data by that state.